South America

Tuesday, 29. July 2014

Melt pure platinum was in 1783, AL Lavoisier. To the west of the city of Nizhny Tagil panorama of the main Urals. Mountain, forested, go into some mighty peaks of rocks, outcrops. In the Urals, they are called "Shihan". From these cliffs, at a glance, see the old Demidov settlements have grown up in the beginning of XVIII century near the ironworks – Chernoistochnik, Visim …

With the discovery of gold and platinum, they expanded, built new streets and villages. Thousands of serfs families were driven from the "Rasei" – Tula, Chernigov, Moscow and other provinces on the ground Tagil. How many tears were shed "through the platinum that same"! Platinum. Valued more than gold right now, this noble metal, called by the Spaniards lightly "Serebrishko (platina – a diminutive of plata – silver). Heavy silver grains found in the beginning of XVIII century in the deposits of South America, "port" gold and undermines the credibility of the coins minted from it, so detached and thrown away as a harmful impurity. In the study of the Tagil platinum professor at Kazan University K. Klaus in 1844 for the first time in Russia has opened a new chemical element ruthenium (pozdnelatinskoe. Rutenia – Russia).

Deposits platinum associated with deep-seated igneous rocks – dunites, where it concentrates in the areas of clusters of iron-chromium. Tagil platinum has a high content of iron impurities, and therefore has dirty-brown color. For buyers it called it "red" or "Demidov". In the region of Nizhny Tagil dunites composed of mountain Solovyov. In the study it in 1892, Professor A. Inostrantsev open the world's first indigenous mine Platinum (Pt separation in the rock), and at the same time mine was laid Manor (Gosshahta). In August 1825 an employee of the plant independently-Utkinskogo Ivan Lyubimov and his son Abram in the exploration of gold in the river near the village of Dry Visim Zakharivka first discovered platinum placer.

Comments are closed.